Tech giant Google has begun complying with Russian rules on blocking undesirable material — including internationally licensed online gambling sites — from its search engine results.
This weekend, Russian media reported that Google has begun scrubbing its local search engine results of “prohibited internet resources” that have made the blacklist of Russian telecom watchdog Roskomnadzor.
Russian law requires internet giants like Google to connect to the federal state information system (FGIS) to monitor the Unified Register of Prohibited Information, so that blacklisted domains will be automatically blocked from appearing in Russian search results.
Domestic firms such as Yandex and Mail.ru had long since linked their systems to the FGIS, but Google remained a conspicuous holdout. In November, Roskomnadzor opened an administrative case against Google. Two weeks later, Roskomnadzor hit Google with a RUB500k (US$7,500) fine, claiming to have “irrefutable proof filtering is not carried out.”
Google opted not to appeal its Russian fine, which was slightly under the maximum penalty allowable under Russian law. Given the $640m that Google’s Russian-facing operations earned in 2017, a $7,300 penalty clearly didn’t offer much of a deterrent.
On Christmas Eve, Russian news agency TASS quoted Roskomnadzor boss Alexander Zharov acknowledging that the fine represented “a minor amount of money for Google.” Zharov also claimed that Roskomnadzor was monitoring Google “on a daily basis and they still provide links” to blacklisted websites.
Barring an unlikely new year’s resolution, it’s unclear precisely what prompted Google to finally fall in line with Roskomnadzor’s demands. However, Russian legislators had previously suggested imposing new measures that could fine offending companies 1% of their annual revenue generated in Russia.
Moreover, Roskomnadzor’s deputy chief Vadim Subbotin told Interfax that Google’s Russian-facing site could find itself blocked if the company didn’t up its compliance game. “If we come to a dead end … the state makes changes to the law, and for the non-execution of Russian laws the most severe punishment is possible – such as blocking.”
Roskomnadzor is the undisputed European heavyweight champeen of internet censorship, routinely blocking several thousand undesirable gambling domains each week. The final numbers for 2018 aren’t out yet, but Roskomnadzor is expected to almost double the 76k gambling domains it blocked in 2017.
However, that insane total of blocked domains only serves to underscore the futility of Roskomnadzor’s game of domain whack-a-mole, something even the watchdog admits is a failure. In December, Roskomnadzor announced that it was preparing a new, more efficient censoring system based on ‘deep packet inspection’ of all internet traffic crossing Russia’s borders.